1 European Distortion of African History

Uploaded on Jan 8, 2008

http://www.youtube.com/AfricansArise

Historian Basil Davidson outlines the overt and covert racism that has frame the European view of African history. This series seeks to open the eyes of those who have been lied to. In order to help bolster the wholesale dehumanisation of Africans (i.e. the Atlantic Sslave Trade), Europeans in the 1600s and 1700s began to re-create history – surpressing that which was commonly known for centuries before – that Africa was the home to great ancient civilisations, societies and kingdoms. http://www.lincoln.edu/history/his307/

West Wing – Why are we changing maps?

Uploaded on Jul 7, 2008

From season 2 – episode 16 “Somebody’s Going to Emergency, Somebody’s Going to Jail”

It’s “Big Block of Cheese” Day, which means that Leo sends grumbling staffers to meet with organizations who are not usually heard from at the White House. C.J.’s assignment is the Cartographers for Social Equality.

White man tells truth about black egypt

Published on Mar 22, 2012

FAIR USE NOTICE: These videos may contain copyrighted material. Such material is made available for educational purposes only. This constitutes a ‘fair use’ of any such copyrighted material as provided for in Title 17 U.S.C. section 107 of the US Copyright Law.

Guess he’s an “AfroCentrist” too huh… Joel Freeman: http://www.freemaninstitute.com/

Lecture From Dr. Runoko Rashidi “Egypt and The Moors”

The Moors (?)

Now, again, just who were the Moors?

The answer is very easy.

The original Moors, like the original Egyptians, were Black Africans.

As amalgamation became more and more widespread, only Berbers, Arabs and Coloureds in the Moroccan territories were called Moors while the darkest and black-skinned Africans were called “Black-a-Moors.” Eventually, “black” was dropped from “Blackamoor.” In North Africa, and Morocco in particular, all Muslim Arabs, Mixed breeds and Berbers are readily regarded as Moors. The African Blacks, having had even this name taken from them, MUST CONTEND FOR RECOGNITION AS MOORS”

Moor

Originally, this term was applied to Muslims who conquered parts of Spain in the 8th century and settled there until they were driven out in the 15th century; it also denotes people from Morocco or Mauritania in North Africa. In Britain it was often used to refer to any Black person (particularly Muslims). The word ‘Moor’ appears in Shakespearean literature. It was spelt in a variety of ways (such as ‘more’, ‘moir’, ‘moorish’ ‘moris’ ‘moryen’) and often combined with ‘black’ or ‘blak’, as in ‘black moor’, ‘blackamoor’ and ‘black more’. ‘Blackamoor’ was also used as a synonym for ‘negroe’ in the 15th, 16th and 17th centuries.

Negro
A term (now considered pejorative) used to describe Black people. Africans are called ‘negroes’ in many documents from the period of slavery.

The words “Turks” and “Moors” could also be used more narrowly to refer to various national and political affiliations or cultural and ethnic identities. When used in this more specific sense, the word “Turk” had an essentially national connotation referring to the political subjects of the Ottoman Turkish Empire, whose boundaries at the time took in the entire Balkans, extending as far north as Austria, and embraced most of the Middle East. Even then, however, “Turk” did not exclusively refer to cultural or ethnic Turks but applied to other Muslim populations in the vast empire, including Arabs and Kurds, who were neither culturally nor ethnically Turkish. Turks, Moors, & Moriscos in Early America.

When did Muslims come to America?

The history of American Muslims goes back more than 400 years. Although some evidence suggests that there were Muslims on Columbus’ ships, the first clearly documented arrival of Muslims in America occurred in the 17th century with the arrival of slaves from Africa. Scholars estimate that anywhere from a quarter to a third of the enslaved Africans brought to the United States were Muslims. Large numbers of Moriscos (former Muslims of Spain and Portugal) also came to the Spanish colonies, including many areas of what is today the United States. Although enslaved people were denied freedom of religion, many did practice their faith in secret and pass it on to their children. There are several autobiographies of Muslim slaves that survive from this period, including some by individuals who were involved in the Abolitionist movement and were Union soldiers during the Civil War.

Notwithstanding the dangerous allure of Islam, Queen Elizabeth cooperated commercially and diplomatically with both the Turks of the Ottoman Empire and the Moors of the Kingdom of Morocco, and never entertained or articulated and nor did er subjects projects for colonizing them. On the contrary, and instead of exhibiting er superiority to the Moroccan ruler, Ahmad al Mansur (reg. 1578-1603), Queen Elizabeth repeatedly sought military and diplomatic help from him. In 1603, te last year of is life as well as hers, al Mansur proposed to the queen that Moroccan and English troops, using English Ships, Should together attack the Spanish colonies in the West Indies, expel the Spaniards, and then “possess” the land and keep it “under our dominion for ever, and by the help of God to join it to our estate and yours.” The Muslim ruler then continued: And therefore it shall be needful for us to treat of the peopling thereof, whether it be your pleasure it shall be inhabited by our armies or your or whether we shall it on our charged to inhabit it with our armies without yours, in respect of the great heat of the elymat, where those of your country do not find themselves fit to endure the extremity’s’ of heat there and of the cold of your parts, were our men endure it very well by reason that the heat hurts them not.

Gondemar governed King James, and royal influence was not unknown in the courts of justice. motives had their weight, and it was not as well settled then as it now is,

that the Moors were to be treated on a footing with other nations. See 2 Wood. 425. MOXON et al. v. The FANNY Case No. 9,895 District Court, D. Pennsylvania 1793 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 1; 17 F. Cas. 942; 2 Pet. Adm. 309 1793

Excerpt

One very unusual and little-known event took place at the dawn of American colonial history in 1586. That year, Sir Francis Drake (1540-1596), the famous English seaman, discoverer, and privateer,1 brought at least two hundred Muslims (identified as Turks and Moors,2 which likely included Moriscos3) to the newly established English colony of Roanoke on the coast of present-day North Carolina. The Roanoke settlement was England’s first American colony and constitutes the first chapter of English colonial history in the New World and what ultimately became the history of the United States

Although there was no single sixteenth-century “Moorish” empire, there were a number of “Moorish” political entities; “Moor” in its narrower sense, unlike “Turk,” did not signify any given state affiliation. “Moor” might refer to the Muslims of the Kingdom of Morocco or any of the North African regencies of Algeria, Tunisia, or Libya. The word was equally applicable in the Iberian context to the Moriscos, the former Moors of Spain and Portugal.20. Knowledge begins with correct usage of terminology. It is impossible to evaluate accurately the historical references to “Turks” and “Moors” in the records of Drake’s liberated galley slaves without clarifying what these terms meant in the sixteenth century. Both words had broad and narrow usages, so it is necessary to keep all possible meanings in mind. Most contemporary historians who have written on Drake’s liberated galley slaves have treated the word “Moor” too narrowly as exclusively referring to North African “Moors” without including “Moriscos,” the former Moors of Spain and Portugal.

Failure to understand the broader implications of the word “Moors” has often rendered the historical narrative confusing and not truly reflective of the potentially very diverse origins of the groups involved.

In the sixteenth century, the terms “Turk” and “Moor” in their broadest sense were used as generic references to Muslims, regardless of national, cultural, or ethnic backgrounds. In the Iberian context, “Moor” was still the common generic word for Muslim, and that broad usage still applies to the Spanish records of Drake’s liberated galley slaves. Since the Middle Ages, Spanish legal codes had defined Muslims as “Moors.” In the legal code of King Alfonso X of Castile (1221-1284), “Moor” referred to “a sort of people who believe that Mu^ammad was the prophet or messenger of God.”17 For centuries during the European crusading movement, the conquered Muslim populations of formerly Moorish Spain and Portugal, who continued to live under Christian rule, were still regarded as Moors and lived in “Moorish quarters” (morerías).18 When the Spanish colonized the Philippines in the sixteenth century, they referred to the large indigenous Muslim populations they encountered there as “Moors;” their protracted wars to subdue them were called the “Moro [Moor] wars.”19

Dr. Runoko Rashidi • The African Presence in Early Europe

Published on May 3, 2013

http://travelwithrunoko.com/home

Runoko Rashidi is a historian, research specialist, writer, world traveler, and public lecturer focusing on the African foundations of world civilizations. He is particularly drawn to the African presence in Asia, Australia, and the Pacific Islands, and has coordinated numerous historic educational group tours worldwide.

Dr. Rashidi is highly sought after for radio, television, and newspaper interviews, having been interviewed on hundreds of radio broadcasts and TV programs. He has made presentations at more than 125 colleges, universities, secondary schools, libraries, book stores, churches and community centers. On the international circuit he has lectured in over 50 countries.

Dr. Rashidi is the author of Introduction to the Study of African Classical Civilizations. He edited, along with Dr. Ivan Van Sertima, The African Presence in Early Asia, considered “the most comprehensive volume on the subject yet produced”. Dr. Rashidi also authored The Global African Community: The African Presence in Asia, Australia and the South Pacific. In December 2005 Dr. Rashidi released his first text in French, A Thousand Year History of the African Presence in Asia.

As an essayist and contributing writer, Dr. Rashidi’s articles have appeared in more than seventy-five publications. His historical essays have been featured in the Journal of Civilizations Anthologies, and cover the global African presence.

Included among the notable African scholars that Runoko has worked with and been influenced by are: John Henrik Clarke, John G. Jackson, Yosef ben-Jochannan, Chancellor James Williams, Charles B. Copher, Edward Vivian Scobie, Ivan Van Sertima, Asa G. Hilliard III, Karen Ann Johnson, Obadele Williams, Charles S. Finch, James E. Brunson, Wayne B. Chandler, Legrand H. Clegg II, and Jan Carew.

Dr. Rashidi believes that his main mission in life is to help make Africans proud of themselves, to help change the way Africa is viewed in the world and to help reunite a family of people that has been separated far too long.

White Man Tells The Truth!!!!!!!

Dr Ivan Van Sertima African History Revisited Egypt & the Americas Sankofa

The African Involvement in the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade

http://murakushsociety.com/the-african-involvement-in-the-trans-atlantic-slave-trade/

african-merchant-selling-slaves-to-a-european-no-date_jpg
A piece on this topic is definitely needed to correct the misinterpretation of history pertaining to “who did what” during the era of the Trans-Atlantic slave trade by some folks in the “Conscious Community”. Most of us believe that Europeans were solely responsible for the mass kidnapping of our ancestors from Africa, and bringing them here to be perpetual slaves in the New World. Although Europeans were without a doubt involved, they weren’t the only ones. They bought our fathers and mothers from our own brethren in Africa.

For the record, this blog does not seek to justify the role that Europeans played, or any of the culprits involved is the mass kidnap, mass rape, or mass dehumanization of the millions of enslaved Africans who found themselves in a terrible predicament on a strange land. This blog seeks to shed light on the parts of the story (Trans-Atlantic slavery) you may not know. Rarely do you hear about the African participation within the slave trade, which subsequently lead to institutional slavery in the Americas.

In other words, in regards to the slave trade, many African Americans have not received the whole story. It is either they haven’t been taught the whole story, or they choose to ignore the fact that their own brothers sold them into slavery. The purpose of this writing is not to bash our brothers or sisters on the continent of Africa. We wish not for our people on the continent of Africa to take this writing as an attack on the royal families today, who may have had ancestors who (in the past) were responsible for supplying millions of men, women, and children to the Europenses during what historians have called the great “Maafa”[1].

Again, this paper was written mainly because so-called African Americans are in denial of the facts of the history pertaining to the Trans-Atlantic slave trade. This denial often leads to distortion of this important part of our history. Most times when one outright denies the truth, they are in support of a lie. One of the lies that many of our conscious brothers and sisters have perpetuated is, that prior to the transportation of our ancestors to the Americas, we all (or our ancestors) were living as Kings and Queens. To recognize that many Africans were already enslaved to other Africans before ever encountering a European exposes the little “black” lie that all of us were living as royalty 400 years ago when we were on the motherland.

When they discuss the history, they only focus on the part when they arrived in America. They seem to have forgotten everything prior to the experience of the middle-passage.[2] They have consciously ignored the fact that there were many African Kings involved in the trade of human beings for guns and such, and that they are just as responsible for you being here as Europeans. Because it is a recurring discussion within the “Black community”, especially whenever the subject of reparations is raised, it is necessary to give those not in the know a little history lesson.

Besides educating some of the less informed brethren in the U.S. on an important historical event, this blog is necessary because it challenges all people of African descent to be more introspective. When you look at the present state of Africa, for the most part you are looking at the results of the tribalism[3] that went on then, and continues even unto this day. We can blame outside sources for the destruction of African civilizations if we choose, but when this very tribalism manifests itself on U.S soil in the form of Blood and Crip wars, (which is just as destructive if not more) than we need to re-evaluate OURSELVES.

Because the psychology behind tribalism is very similar to the attitudes that spawned racism in the U.S., we should be more cognizant of what we actually are thinking, feeling or doing, and especially when it involves the welfare of other human beings. Although ethnic differences exist inside of Africa, as everywhere else in the world, to those outside of Africa you represent one people. Europeans (as a whole) are generally recognized as being the same people by Asians, although some are French, English, Scottish, etc… They all come together despite their little differences whenever it is necessary. We cannot allow ethnic differences, or religious differences to impair our abilities to make a better future for ourselves.

Because of the urgency of eradicating some of the misinformation concerning the whole slavery issue, this piece will not include a bunch of historical information derived from books written on the topic, as time does not permit such a work. It would only make sense to highlight some of the current news articles on the subject, so that one can hear or see it for themselves how the various Kings of Africa were very much involved in the slave trade. They played a significant role in the trade, just as Europeans, Arabs, etc… by their own admission.

There are quite a few articles which has been done (which can easily be found on google) over the last decade covering the stories of African Kings from the various different nations whose ancestors were involved in the slave trade. These articles, in which Africans have come forth and openly apologized to “African Americans” on behalf of their ancestors is evidence that Africans played a vital role in the development of the slave trade. So yes Africans (our brothers) are just as responsible for our present condition, status, and or situation here in the Americas as the “white-man”.

It is funny because on this very website, Al Murakush Society, blogs have been written touching on these things over a year ago, but because African Americans are just as caught up in tribalism as any African or Native American “tribe” ever was, those works have been overlooked.

Briefly, and it should be mentioned that via genetic genealogy people within the African diaspora have been tracing their family lines back to mainland Africa to the various regions or countries from whence their ancestors came. Since there has been an acknowledgement of the wrongs by our brethren in Africa (as evidenced by the articles), good relationships seem to be forming between the descendants of both “Slaves and Slavers”, as a result of such discoveries being made. This of course, is the beginning of healing and establishing meaningful relationships with each other which is long overdue. These types of relationships should be encouraged by every one of us who cares here within the U.S, Caribbean, Africa, etc…

*******************************************************************

There should not be any ill feelings between our people here in the “New World” and our brothers in Africa, and especially not in 2013. We should not allow stereotypes created by ignorance deter us from forming meaningful relationships with each other based on a common origin or a common experience. There also isn’t anytime to dwell on the “hating” of any other races or groups of people whose ancestors may have participated in the colonization of Africa, as well as the development of the institution of slavery here in America.

Hate generally prevents one from thinking rationally or making sound decisions. It was what it was, therefore it is what it is. We don’t forget, but we just have to move forward so that we may get our things together to become the powerful States we once were. So that we can function like other nations of the world, build up Africa’s economy, etc… And to, in the words of brother Noble Drew Ali, “Take our place within the affairs of men.” Pointing the fingers at Europeans all day about something that happened four hundred years ago isn’t going to put food on the table today. It will not help us prevent the spread of HIV amongst our people in Africa, nor will it help so-called Blacks get social equality in the U.S. If you seriously want reparations, than do what other people whose ancestors were in similar situations in history have done legally to get it!

So following are some of the articles covered by different newspapers (certainly not all) that illustrates in writing the apologies of the various different Kings, Chiefs and such of Africa for their ancestors involvement in our removal from the motherland, and our enslavement on this land. This piece just gives attention to some of these articles. They are already public domain, so this writing does not introduce anything new or even current. African Kings have been apologizing for a couple of decades now. “African- Americans” just have not been reading these types of articles , misunderstanding what they have been reading, or avoiding the truth altogether.

“I want to apologize for the role my ancestors played in the slave trade,” Hakpon said through his translator. “I knew one day I wanted to come to this land and ask forgiveness of my black brothers and sisters. I wanted to cross the ocean to see the land where my ancestors suffered.

To a loud applause, Hakpon told the Hobson City residents he was the first king of his nation to ever visit the United States. He hopes to maintain a relationship between Porto-Novo and Hobson City”.[4]

“Long before the coming of Europeans to the Guinea coast of Africa, our local people here themselves already had slavery in existence,” says Philip Amoa-Mensah, a volunteer guide at the Elmina fortress, which was built in 1482 by Portuguese traders.”[5]

“Traditional African rulers whose ancestors collaborated with European and Arab slave traders should follow Britain and the United States by publicly saying sorry, according to human rights organisations.

The Civil Rights Congress of Nigeria has written to tribal chiefs saying: “We cannot continue to blame the white men, as Africans, particularly the traditional rulers, are not blameless.”[6]

“The head chieftain for the Cameroonian town of Bakou, Ngako Ngalatchui, told NBC News that he signed the statement on Saturday.

“We are sorry and issue an official apology for our involvement and the involvement of our ancestors in the horrible institution of transatlantic slavery,”the statement read. “The United States of America, France, and the United Kingdom should issue similar formal apologies for this evil institution that broke up families and caused generational hardships that continue to the present day.”[7]

Ambassador Cyrille Oguin (search) is now touring schools and churches throughout the United States offering a formal apology.

“In the name of the government and the people of Benin, on behalf of President Mattie Ke’re’kou, I say to you all, we are sorry,” says Oguin. “We are deeply, deeply sorry.”[8]

“The group is making several stops in Virginia and Washington, D.C., to publicize President Mathieu Kerekou’s recent apologies for his country’s participation in the slave trade. “We cry for forgiveness and reconciliation,” said Luc Gnacadja, minister of environment and housing for Benin. “The slave trade is a shame, and we do repent for it.”[9]

So the descendants of the various African Kings have went on the record and apologized for their ancestors involvement in the selling of the millions of their brothers and sisters to Europeans, who in turn turned them into chattel slaves in the “New World” for 400 years. As mentioned above, many of those sold to the Europeans were already slaves within their respective societies for various reasons. One could have been a criminal, a political or religious enemy, spoil of war, etc… These are just the facts of history that so-called African Americans need to acknowledge because it is very essential in understanding who we are! The philosopher Plato asked, “…why should we not calmly and patiently review our own thoughts, and thoroughly examine and see what these appearances in us really are?” INTROSPECTIION.

King Gezo said in the 1840′s he would do anything the British wanted him to do apart from giving up slave trade:

“The slave trade is the ruling principle of my people. It is the source and the glory of their wealth…the mother lulls the child to sleep with notes of triumph over an enemy reduced to slavery…”[10]

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